Moldovan Man to Prison for Internet Scam

ROCHESTER, NEW YORK — U.S. Attorney William J. Hochul Jr. announced that Dumitru Doban, 27, of Moldova, who was convicted of wire fraud conspiracy, has been sentenced to 46 months in prison and ordered to pay $257,489 in restitution by U.S. District Judge Frank P. Geraci Jr.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Brett A. Harvey, who handled the case, stated that Doban, a citizen of Moldova, a country in Eastern Europe between Romania and Ukraine, participated in a conspiracy to defraud purchasers of motor vehicles over the Internet. As part of the scheme, vehicle advertisements were placed online via websites such as eBay, autotrader.com, and autotraderclassics.com. Potential buyers responded by e-mail to the advertisements and were contacted by individuals identifying themselves as the listed sellers of the vehicles. E-mail correspondence occurred between the parties with descriptions of the vehicles, negotiations of the purchase price, shipping information, and purchase information. Once an agreement was reached for the purchase of the vehicles, the buyers were instructed to utilize a third party, such as eBay Motors and Google Wallet, to conduct the transaction. These third-party websites (bogus and unrelated to legitimate third party websites) were made to look legitimate.

After signing up for the third-party websites, the buyers were sent e-mails directing them to send wire transfers for the purchase price, plus shipping costs, to bank accounts that were opened by Doban in Rochester; Columbus, Ohio; Alexandria, Virginia; and Birmingham, Alabama, using fake names and false Czech Republic passports. After the buyers sent the wire transfers to the bank accounts, Doban sent the money overseas, primarily to Ukraine and Moldova, through bank-to-bank wire transfers and money transfer services, or withdrew the money from the accounts. The prospective online buyers never received any of the vehicles offered for sale as part of the scheme.

A total of 18 people from various states (including California, Nevada, North Carolina, and Arizona) and Canada were victims of the Internet fraud scheme. Those victims transferred a total of $257,489 to the bank accounts opened by the defendant. As part of the plea agreement, the defendant admitted that the overall conspiracy — which included similar fraudulent conduct by a co-conspirator, Alexandru Turcan, in the Northern District of New York — involved losses of more than $400,000 but less than $1 million.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office is prosecuting another individual, Vasile Leu, also a citizen of Moldova, for allegedly participating in the same Internet fraud scheme. A federal grand jury returned an indictment charging Leu with wire fraud conspiracy on September 24, 2013.

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